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A Thorough Guide For Ways To Deal With Depression

Depression is a type of medical disorder that hampers one's ability to perform daily functions at home as well as work, due to severe mood swings. This is accompanied by a feeling of discomfort, uneasiness, and loss of interest, appetite, and enthusiasm. Depression has the capacity to affect your mental and disturbing your ability to think and make decisions. It can even hamper your physical health too. It is very common in people from the age group of teenagers and above. Even children as young as five or above can be a patient of depression, however that case if mostly rare. Thankfully, this is a treatable disorder and there are various ways to deal with depression. However, the first step to treatment comes in recognizing the disease. This can be achieved after making ourselves aware of the various symptoms of depression.

Various symptoms of depression:

  •  Mood Swings: An aggressively mood shift pattern is an indicator of depression. Patients are generally present with a consistent feeling of sadness and gloomy mood. 
  • Loss of appetite: A complete loss of appetite without an indication of any other physical ailments can be indicative of depression. This results in severe weight loss. In some cases, it can cause weight gain as well. This occurs without any indulging in dieting.
  • Loss of enthusiasm: A patient with depression is hardly ever enthusiastic about their daily chores. They lose interest in their work and activities or fail to find pleasure in activities which earlier they could enjoy.
  • Fatigue: Depression causes the person to suffer from consistent fatigue and loss of energy. A person never feels fully energized, thus hampering the productivity to great extends.
  • Slower stimulus: One of the symptoms that can be observed by the peers and close ones of a depression patient is in their response to speech and movements. These gets generally slowed down, that seems quite apparent to close observers.
  • Suicidal Tendencies: A constant feeling of guilt, worthlessness, and grief can make a person commit to many negative thoughts. This ultimately leads to suicidal thoughts in a person.

How to treat depression?

The treatment for depression varies with the level of depression a person has. Broadly, depression can be categorized as mild, moderate and severe depression. Different types of depression require different methods of depression. Some of them are as follows:

  • Meditation and exercise: A regular physical workout and meditation can help depression of all levels. However, they are most effective for patients with mild depression. 
  • Self Help: Expressing your feelings to another can be of great help to release some of the burdens, thus making you feel lighter and better. Your close friends and family can help you in this regard. Otherwise, there are various self-help groups as well. This again is very beneficial to mild depression patients. 
  • Psychotherapy: This method is used for people suffering from mild to severe depression. The patient is appointed to a clinical therapist, that usually lasts for a couple of weeks with regular interval of therapy sessions. The patient expresses about his or her feelings to the therapist. There are various types of psychotherapy; namely, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Interpersonal therapy etc. Different types of psychotherapy have a different approach.
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): The Electroconvulsive Therapy is a used practice since as early as the 1940s for treatment of patients with severe depression and bipolar disorder patients. A lot of researchers argue in favor of the fruitful result of using this method. However, this method requires various specialists present during the therapy session. The patient is subjected to electrical stimulation of the brain for a brief period of time. This is carried by the providing anesthesia to the patient. Thus, due to the various risks involved, specialists such as psychiatrist, anesthesiologist, and nurses are required to be present. This treatment usually goes on for about weeks and varies with different patients.
  • Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS): RTMS depression treatment is a methodology used for treating patients with severe depression and anxiety issues. This uses stimulation of magnetic waves into your brain by using electromagnetic coils placed against the head. This treatment does not require the use of any anesthesia. However, prior consent from the patient is required before carrying on the process. Patients are allowed to withdraw from their consent any time during the process. Regular activities can be carried out normally after an RTMS session. This lasts for several weeks and session schedule varies with different types of patients.
  • Hospitalization: At extreme cases of depression and personality disorders, the patients can be harmful to himself and those in the close vicinity to him. Thus, posing great risks, sometimes even fatal. In such cases, the patients are hospitalized wherein the patient is kept under close inspection and at the same time, various therapy session and medications are conducted in order to heal their depression. When the patient overcomes the risk to himself and his peers, they are allowed to leave the hospital.

Why depression needs to be treated? 

Depression is mostly a very passive form of the disorder, and hampers the patients in a slow manner, making him or her passively paralyzed for working and functioning in a normal way. A depression patient is harmful to both himself and his peers surrounding him. The severe forms of depression have fatal consequences if not treated properly and on time. Therefore, depression needs to be addressed and treated like any other disorder. Early treatment can prevent mild depressions to turn into severe forms.

Thus, various aspects of ways to deal with depression have been thoroughly discussed. A patient or his close ones can look through the various symptoms to identify depression. Different levels of depression have different ways of treatment. As much as self-care can turn beneficial, a consultation from a specialist can be of great help. In many cases, the symptoms of other diseases such as thyroid. Thus, a specialist can help you in clarifying the doubts and seek the right treatment for your ailments and disorders.  

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